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First Thing: Biden heads to Cop26 as climate agenda hangs in balance | US news

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Good morning.

Joe Biden is heading to Glasgow for the critical Cop26 global summit, where he will fight to reassert the United States’s credibility after Donald Trump’s presidency, as his spending and climate bill remains unsigned into law.

With the president’s climate agenda pared down by centrists such as the senator Joe Manchin, and allies smarting from the Trump years, Biden will face challenges in overcoming scepticism from other countries. “They saw our dramatic flip from Obama to Trump and the worry is we will flip again,” said Alice Hill, a former climate adviser to Barack Obama.

The White House says Biden’s $1.75tn plan – whittled down from $3.5tn – to expand the nation’s social safety net and tackle the climate emergency would put the US on track to slash planet-heating emissions by 2030. It would also ensure free preschool for three- and four-year-olds and expand health coverage – although other domestic policies, as well as climate interventions to cut fossil fuel usage, have been stripped away.

Which climate policies were dropped from the bill?

Texas stand-your-ground laws in spotlight after killing of Muslim driver

Terry Turner, the homeowner, has been charged with murder. Photograph: Jonathan Bachman/Reuters

Texas’s controversial stand-your-ground laws are to be thrown into the spotlight after a man was charged with the murder of a Moroccan man who pulled into the driveway of his San Antonio house, possibly because he was lost.

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Adil Dghoughi, 31, was shot dead this month by Terry Turner, whose lawyers say they will defend him using Texas’s stand-your-ground laws.

  • What are stand-your-ground laws? The controversial laws oppose the idea that faced with danger, you should retreat, and offer provision for homeowners to use deadly force to justifiably defend themselves.

  • When were these laws introduced? The first law in the US was enacted in Florida in 2005, after lobbying from the National Rifle Association. Opponents say they result in unnecessary deaths and are often a pretext for racism.

Facebook rebrands as Meta after public relations disasters

Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg
Facebook’s founder, Mark Zuckerberg, announced the company’s new name in an attempt to rebrand it. Photograph: Andrew Caballero-Reynolds/AFP via Getty

In an attempt to rebrand the social media giant after a slew of public relations crises, Facebook’s chief executive, Mark Zuckerberg, has announced that the holding company has changed its name to Meta.

The announcement came at Facebook’s annual AR/VR conference on Thursday, where Zuckerberg laid out his plans for a virtual-reality vision for the future, saying: “We believe the metaverse will be the successor of the mobile internet. We’ll be able to feel present – like we’re right there with people no matter how far apart we actually are.”

The rebrand, which follows testimony from the whistleblower Francis Haugen and the leaking of the Facebook Papers, has been met with a backlash from several quarters.

In other news …

Darren Woods, the chair and chief executive of ExxonMobil
Darren Woods, the chair and chief executive of ExxonMobil, denied any inconsistency between what the company told the public and what Exxon scientists had privately warned. Photograph: Brendan McDermid/Reuters
  • The head of ExxonMobil, Darren Woods, has been accused of lying to Congress after he denied that company hid its own findings about oil’s contribution to the climate crisis.

  • Conversion therapy” will be restricted but not banned in a new UK bill that would allow “consenting adults” to undergo the practice that seeks to change sexual orientation or gender identity.

  • Two members of a neo-Nazi group have been sentenced to nine years in prison. The sentencing judge concluded the former Canadian armed forces reservist Patrik Jordan and the US army veteran Brian Mark Lemley Jr intended to engage in terrorist activity.

  • Dierdre Wolownick, the mother of the legendary climber Alex Honnold, has broken her own record to become the oldest woman to scale Yosemite’s El Capitan by climbing it for the second time on her 70th birthday.

Stat of the day: YouTube is responsible for more CO2 emissions than Glasgow

a TV controller with buttons featuring streaming companies' logos
Every activity required to stream video, from the use of huge datacentres to transmission over wifi and broadband, requires electricity. Photograph: Beata Zawrzel/NurPhoto/Rex/Shutterstock

Streaming is responsible for producing hefty amounts of CO2, with YouTube’s annual emissions far outpacing those of the city of Glasgow, where world leaders will be meeting for the Cop26 climate summit from this weekend. Meanwhile, viewers clocked up more than 6bn hours watching Netflix’s top 10 shows in the first 28 days of release: the carbon equivalent of about 1.13bn miles of car travel.

Don’t miss this: Kristen Stewart on ghosts, identity and playing Diana

Kristen Stewart as Princes Diana.
Behind the veil … Kristen Stewart as Princes Diana. Photograph: Landmark Media/Alamy

Despite its closeness in subject, Spencer, the new movie about Diana, Princess of Wales, feels closer to The Shining than it does to The Crown. Set over three days at the stately home of Sandringham in 1991, the gothic portrait of the princess is a film about “identity and motherhood” that sees Kristen Stewart draw on what she describes as “lingering energy”, saying: “I took [Princess Diana] in, whether or not it was my idea of her or there was some actual literal remnant of her.”

Climate check: Middle East warming at twice the rate of the rest of the world

Dubai shimmers in the summer heat.
Dubai shimmers in the summer heat. The climate crisis is thought to cost the UAE £6bn a year in higher health costs. Photograph: Davidovich Mikhail/Alamy

As the Middle East heats up twice as fast as the rest of the world, countries including Iraq, Kuwait and Qatar are seeing record-breaking temperatures and blackouts due to pressure on the grid. “The interests of the ruling elites run contrary to the interests of citizens … They need the oil business to stay alive for them to stay in power,” said the energy research analyst Jim Krane.

Last Thing: the proud descendants of 17th-century ‘witches’

Revellers take part in a Halloween festival during the Salem witches’ magic circle at Salem Common, Massachusetts, on 31 October 2018.
Revellers take part in a Halloween festival during the Salem witches’ magic circle at Salem Common, Massachusetts, on 31 October 2018. Photograph: Joseph Prezioso/AFP/Getty

About 15 million Americans are estimated to be linked to the Salem witch trials, and a connection to an accused witch has become a source of pride for many. “Witches are icons of early American history,” said Brenton Simon, the president of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. “People yearn to be related to them.”

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